Above all, physiotherapy for athletes plays a fundamental role in the treatment and prevention of injuries, especially in cases of high-performance athletes. Thus, increasingly sought after, this modality allows, through therapeutic activities and exercises, to recover the performance of these individuals.
Also known as sports physiotherapy, its main purpose is to use sports medicine practices, to identify, treat and recover injuries suffered during the execution of physical exercises.
In addition, many athletes seek this help to improve their performance, because the intention is not only to treat, but also to prevent. In some cases, many people end up withdrawing from exercise or sport due to injury. With these long periods away, income tends to fall, so the great demand for a professional in this area.
So, stay with us until the end and learn more about Physiotherapy for athletes and its importance in people's lives.
After all, what is Physiotherapy for athletes and why is it important?
First of all, Physiotherapy for athletes is the area dedicated to the recovery and treatment of athletes and practitioners of physical activities. Thus, its main purpose is to help and prevent injuries that can be caused due to wear and tear on joints or muscle tissue.
In addition, the physiotherapist intention is to help return to sport as soon as possible. In this sense, through diagnoses and examinations of the patient, the professional is able to establish the physiotherapeutic means necessary for the evolution of the treatment.
In other words, physiotherapy for athletes has as its main function:
Assist athletes for competitions;
Help prevent injuries and pain in practitioners of physical activities;
Recover the body stress caused by sport.
In this way, the importance of physiotherapy for athletes becomes notorious, mainly, for potentiating and improving the muscular resistance and strength of the sportsman. This modality can be indicated for all ages as it offers a lot of attention to injuries.
Even more, through physiotherapy it is possible to prevent the return of some injuries or bruises, such as: dislocations; muscle and ligament injuries; tendinitis; fractures; Among others.
What treatments are applied?
In general, some of the treatments to achieve the main focus are:
1. Manual Therapy
At first, the most well-known treatment used by physiotherapists is Manual Therapy, as nothing more than the professional's own hands is used. It can also be called Manipulative Physiotherapy.
2. Functional Training
In short, many people know this modality as a type of physical activity, however, functional training is used by physiotherapist to treat muscle, skeletal and joint diseases, because through movements it is possible to achieve muscle strengthening.
Thus, this model has several objectives, from promoting balance, motor coordination, endurance and muscle power, that is, everything that athletes need.
Mainly, the use of electrotherapy is mainly used to aid in wound healing, muscle recovery and pain relief, that is, this model is quite effective in the acute phase of the problem, being possible to use in the chronic phase. In addition, it can also be applied for muscle strengthening.
4. Massage Therapy
Generally, this treatment is widely used by physiotherapist in order to reduce muscle contractures or even tension points. Thus, this model can be used as prevention or to care for injuries.
5. Cooling techniques
This model is one of the most important for the physiotherapist, cold water immersion is the most commonly applied cryotherapy technique. Cooling techniques typically serve to reduce tissue temperature, which mediate a reduction in cell metabolism and blood flow to the exercised muscle. This collective change in temperature and blood flow reduces clinical symptoms of inflammation such as pain and swelling.
6. Functional bandages
Functional bandages, are widely used for their practicality and efficiency. Thus, its use can be in several cases, such as joint instabilities, tendinitis, muscle contractures, among others, in addition to being used to avoid possible injuries such as ankle sprains.
This category largely surrounds the use of lower limb compression garments. Lower limb compression typically apply graded external mechanical pressure to the skin and limb. The main benefits of this technique are enhance venous return through superficial compression to veins and improved capillary filtration. Compression has also been shown to promote positive effects on muscle damage perceived soreness and pain.
8- Range of Motion Technique
Maintaining or improving joint range of motion in athletes is often a key component of the work of Physiotherapist. Several techniques are used to facilitate range of motion including various forms of stretching (dynamic and static), self-myofascial release or foam rolling.
What are the benefits of Physiotherapy for athletes?
First of all, the benefits that physiotherapy can offer to athletes are diverse, mainly because it serves people of any type of sport. Check out some of the benefits below.
Direct treatment at the cause of the injury
In general, many athletes end up making some mistakes when they self-medicate looking for pain relief, which can even worsen the problem. Thus, physiotherapeutic treatment has the main purpose of obtaining the correct diagnosis and establishing effective and direct treatment for the problem.
In this way, it is possible to eliminate the problem completely, in an integral way, for the long term, and to achieve improvement in the affected area.
Prevention for the future
Above all, one of the main points of physiotherapy is muscle strengthening, that is, for athletes, all the methods used are aimed at improving the individual's movements, according to their sport.
Therefore, in the event of pain, discomfort or inflammation, the professional will use the correct tools to achieve the total resolution of the situation.
Definitely, the appearance of injuries in high performance athletes is normal to happen, and for improvement to occur, rest becomes a great ally, however, this can disrupt the athlete's life.
That is, when an athlete spends a lot of time without exercising or practicing sport, his performance tends to drop, therefore, physiotherapy plays a fundamental role. Due to its restoration techniques, the time to recovery is shorter and faster.
Relief from discomfort
However, when the athlete feels pain, but it is not possible to interrupt the practice, this modality is quite effective, because the relief of discomfort is caused due to techniques and therapies, using, for example, electrotherapy or stretching.
Assessment of musculoskeletal injuries
Another great benefit is the possibility of a complete diagnosis of possible musculoskeletal injuries. The professional evaluates the entire biophysical and biomechanical issue, understanding the severity and applying the most appropriate treatment.
In summary, Physiotherapy for athletes is of great importance and has several benefits, so in any sign of pain or discomfort it is necessary to seek a specialist.
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